HSTS: Reliably secure your HTTPS connections

HTTPS, the network protocol for TLS-encrypted data transfer online can be circumvented in some cases. The danger is that encrypted websites can be accessed via unencrypted HTTP. But the HTTPS extension HSTS (HTTP Strict Transport Security) forces website access via TLS encryption, closing the security gaps that hackers like to use to intercept the HTTPS connection during transport using [...]   

What is a server? One term, two definitions

When talking about web hosting, it is impossible to avoid the term ‘server’. So what is a server? And how does it work? In IT, there are actually two definitions of the term. The traditional server is the software for network services, but more recently the word has also been used to describe the corresponding hardware used to carry out server programs. Here is our overview of the most common [...]   

QUIC – the Internet Transport Protocol based on UDP

Quick UDP Internet Connections (QUIC for short), is an experimental network protocol from Google. Further development of the protocol is being driven by IETF, which has set up a dedicated group working towards it. The QUIC protocol is intended to offer a speed-optimized alternative to the current transport standard TCP and builds on the connectionless protocol UDP to achieve this.   

NGINX vs. Apache: A web server comparison

Apache vs. NGINX – while one is said to be bulky and unwieldy, the other is considered slim and high-performance. But can we be this general? In fact, both web servers are based on fundamentally different concepts when it comes to connection management, interpretation of client requests, or configuration options. The range of functions also display clear differences in software alignment. While [...]   

401 error: What can you do about it?

You’re surfing around on the internet, but instead of getting the desired content you only receive an error message: annoying or even downright frustrating. Especially if you don’t exactly know what the status is supposed to mean. How are you expected to solve the problem, if you don’t know what’s causing it? This also goes for the error 401. Here we explain what the error means and what you can [...]   

Error 405 Method Not Allowed: Explanation and solutions

HTTP is indispensable as a mediator between the browser and web server: Both communicate with each other using the transmission protocol on the application layer by sending various types of messages. With an HTTP request, for example, the browser can request a resource or return its own data to the server. If one of these HTTP methods doesn’t work, error 405 (Method Not Allowed) occurs. But what [...]   

HTTP 400 Bad Request | finding the causes

Internet users are often confronted with error messages. HTTP status codes can be especially annoying, and even more so if you don’t understand what they mean. The message 'HTTP 400 – Bad Request' is a mystery for many internet users, but luckily it can be solved in most cases. We explain what the error message means and how to fix the error.   

What does ‘502 bad gateway’ mean?: Explanation and solution

HTTP status codes emerge when something isn’t running properly on the internet. In this respect, the 502 Bad Gateway error is no exception. But this familiar error message can be particularly tricky: It’s not actually clear where the source of the problem lies. In the chain of gateways along which internet requests run, the error could occur at a number of different points. This article explains [...]   

HTTP 503: how to fix website errors

It’s very likely that you’ve stumbled on the 'HTTP Error 503 The service is unavailable' notification or something similar during your daily browsing. The error message appears whenever a web server can’t display the website that the user is trying to access. There are many reasons for these notifications, just as there are many solutions. It’s your responsibility as the website operator to [...]   

504 Gateway Timeout: How to fix it

If the error message ‘HTTP 504 Gateway Timeout’ appears when you attempt to open a website, it means that the allowed time for responding to browser queries has been exceeded. A lot of the time the culprit is not the web server itself, but instead some other component of the server, i.e. a gateway, which is integral to the path of communication. What does 504 gateway timeout mean? How can you fix [...]