What are rainbow tables?

Rainbow tables: they may sound innocent, but they’re actually a strong attack method for cybercriminals. Using rainbow tables, you can find out specific passwords in just a few seconds. To protect yourself and your users from such attacks, you should understand how the tables function. We explain rainbow tables using an example.

Password manager – a glance at the best tools

Would you give your account number to a stranger? Most probably not. But millions of internet users may as well be giving away their personal data (and money!) when using passwords that hackers can crack in a matter of seconds. Password managers provide methods for creating and managing truly secure passwords.

Using cloud services securely

In the digital age, we are increasingly resorting to cloud services: At work, people collaborate on projects together in the cloud, and in their free time, they share photos from their last vacation. At the same time, cloud storage is by no means free from security risks. The multi-cloud environments of larger companies, in particular, are becoming a challenge for cloud security. Here, we will...

Content Security Policy: more security with web content

Websites can be full of security risks, especially when it comes to active content like JavaScript. Cross-site scripting enables cyber criminals to modify this content for their own purposes. This is dangerous for website operators and especially for internet users. The Content Security Policy tries to reduce this risk. Learn what’s behind the security standard and how it works.

The intrusion detection and intrusion prevention systems at a glance

A stable network is characterised not only by the appropriate hardware structures, but also by a watertight security concept. In addition to back-up solutions and intelligent fail-safe systems, protection against external access attempts is a must. Intrusion detection systems (IDS) and intrusion protection systems (IPS) are an excellent addition to the classic firewall and are therefore a sensible...

HPKP: What is behind the public-key pinning extension for HTTP

SSL/TLS certificates play an increasingly important role in the transmission of sensitive data. They guarantee that data packets reach the desired addressee without any detours. Problems only arise when internet users are deliberately redirected by invalid certificates from dubious certification bodies – a scenario that can be prevented using so-called HTTP public key pinning (HPKP).

Encryption methods: An overview

E-mail, instant messaging, or voice-over IP: If you want to communicate over the internet, you should make sure that the data transfer process can be trusted. The same goes for the World Wide Web. With online banking and digital shopping, money transactions are increasingly being carried out online. Popular encryption methods like DES, AES, or RSA should guarantee the security of passwords, credit...

WLAN security: how to make your wireless network into a fortress

When you’re travelling with portable devices, you’ll find public WLAN everywhere, giving you access to the world wide web. Even in residential and work spaces, practical wireless networking is widespread. It’s easy to forget that there’s a risk involved when transferring data using one of these access points. In the following article, we explain the biggest security risks and show you how to make...

IP Spoofing: Simple manipulation of data packets by attackers

Sending data over networks is one of the most important and highest utilised functions of the modern computer era. But the structure of the necessary TCP/IP connections makes it all too easy for criminals to intercept data packets along their way and either view or alter their contents. One of the most common methods of attack is IP spoofing, which allows DoS and DDoS attacks, among other things...

ARP Spoofing – flaws in network security

When it comes to network security, administrators focus primarily on attacks from the internet. But often times, the danger lurks in the internal network. If the LAN turns out to be a blind spot in the security IT, then internal attackers have an easy time. A popular method of attack is ARP spoofing. With this, hackers switch undetected between two communication partners in order to intercept,...