Server operating systems: history and today’s situation

Operating systems have gone through some major changes over the years. While their beginnings are rooted in more humble, purely text-based user interfaces, today’s options have evolved into complex software packages with graphical interfaces, comprising an elegant go-between for hardware and software applications. Users, who have long since been equipped with a keyboard and mouse, are able to...

VPN — secure data transfer through public networks

VPN implementations offer an affordable alternative for locally connecting networks, as well as making network resources available for external devices. In contrast to corporate networks, no private communication network is required. Instead, like the internet, VPNs rely on networks, and protect sensitive data through a process known as tunneling.

How to use SSH keys for your network connection

Operating and managing a remote server located in a data centre is often carried out by using a secure network connection provided by the SSH protocol. The necessary registration on the server is preceded by an authentication process. Usually this occurs in the form of the username and password. Alternative methods such as the public key authentication used by SSH, do have their advantages. But...

Malware removal: how to recognise, remove, and prevent malware

Practically every PC user fears Trojan horses and computer viruses. Security is paramount if you are managing sensitive data or setting up a server. You need a comprehensive security concept to protect yourself against insidious malware. It’s helpful to know the different types of malicious software that exists, and how to combat and safely remove them.

How to use FileZilla: a tutorial on the popular FTP client

FileZilla is considered to be the standard in software for transferring data between locally connected computers and online servers. The network protocol is able to transfer via FTP and its encrypted variants, SFTP and FTPS. We’ve created an overview of the client program’s features and break down the details of this program from installation to data transfer.

For when the going gets tough: the IT disaster recovery plan

For businesses, a reliable IT infrastructure is just as integral to day-to-day operations as competent management, productive employees, and reasonable working conditions. A server outage is able to paralyse an entire company. Adequate preparation can help prevent some of the most common errors from occurring; unforeseen risks, however, will always remain a factor. In order to be on top of your...

DNS – the internet naming system

Translating domain names to IP addresses is one of the central services on the internet. Your computer sends daily requests to the domain name system (DNS) without you knowing. Name resolution on the internet usually only captures our attention when something isn’t working properly. But have you found yourself asking: What is DNS? And what is a DNS server?

Raspberry Pi mail server: using Raspberry Pi to manage e-mails

Why use e-mail servers from commercial e-mails service providers when you can just set up your own? You can create a private server easily and affordably with a small computer known as Raspberry Pi. Having your own e-mail server, however, requires a certain amount of work and also has its disadvantages. You can find out more about how to set up your personal Raspberry Pi mail server in this...

NGINX — the quick and efficient web server

For years, Apache had been the uncontested go-to web servers and comprised the basis of most websites published in the World Wide Web. The increasing technical requirements of modern web projects and the growing demands and expectations of internet users has brought on a sea change of sorts. Alternatives like NGINX are becoming ever more popular and are slowly creeping up on the classic server...

Web stack—the software framework for web development

Terms like web stack or web application stack refer to software packages that are used to develop and operate websites and web applications. The most well-known example of this technology, the LAMP stack, has witnessed increasing competition through the likes of JavaScript-based framework bundles, which feature unified programming languages for servers and clients. This gives them a considerable...