Country domains: a comprehensive ccTLD list

Every internet address, or domain, has a domain ending, also known as a top-level domain. Country code top-level domains (ccTLDs) are used to indicate the site’s relation to a specific country or region (i.e. .uk for the United Kingdom or .eu for the European Union) and are therefore referred to as country code TLDs.

ICANN (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers) is the company that regulates the allocation of all ccTLDs. Meanwhile an NIC (Network Information Centre, also known as the Domain Name Registry) is the body responsible for the management and registration of all regional domain extensions in a country. In total there are now more than 200 ccTLDs, all of which can be found in the top-level domain list below.

Domain Check
  • .eu
  • .gb
  • .com
  • .net
  • .info
  • .biz

Characteristics of ccTLDs

Country-specific domain extensions generally indicate the region or language that the website’s content is relevant for. Furthermore, ccTLDs always include two letters of the Latin alphabet. The only exceptions to this rule are the countries with IDN-ccTLDs (internationalised country code top-level domains). In addition to the standard ccTLD, these countries have one or more variants of the same ccTLD in a language that doesn’t use the Latin alphabet. An example of a country with several variations of the same ccTLD is Sri Lanka; as well as the country code, .lk, Sri Lanka also uses the TLDs, .ලංකා and .இலங்கை, which refer to the country in Sinhalese and Tamil, respectively.

Alternative uses for ccTLDs

Generic top-level domains provide the counterpart to ccTLDs. These don’t have a regional domain extension, but rather refer to a specific theme (such as .com for commercial/business enterprise or .org for an organisation) and can include more than two letters. However, some ccTLDs are repurposed and, like gTLDs, can be used to indicate particular types of websites or the genre of content or products. Wordplay with certain country codes is also quite common. Examples of this include:

  • FORA.tv: this video hosting platform and live streaming channel uses the Tuvaluan ccTLD to offer users all kinds of video uploading, editing, and streaming services. The .tv domain extension is particularly popular in the area of television, film, and video streaming sites (further examples include ustream.tv and green.tv).
  • Last.fm: this is the web address of a UK-based music streaming service, which uses the county code of the Federated States of Micronesia, .fm. As the abbreviation also stands for ‘frequency modulation’, it shares a connection with FM radio, and therefore enjoys popularity among websites that are connected to radio shows, music, and podcasts (further examples include the internet radio platform di.fm and the music website, libre.fm).
  • CanIStream.It: CanIStream.It is an online platform that provides links to on demand video services. By using the Italian ccTLD, the domain spells out exactly what service the website provides.
  • Meet.me: this is the most expensive Montenegrin domain ever sold (for $450,000). MeetMe is the name of a US-based social network that was able to express its brand name fully in the domain name with the help of Montenegro’s ccTLD.

The .tk domain ending is a special case when it comes to country domains. Over 30 million websites use this ccTLD, even though the island state of Tokelau, which officially presides over this domain extension, has less than 2 million inhabitants. The mass registration of .tk websites can be put down to the fact that in the past, it was completely free of charge to secure an internet address with this ccTLD. Even now, website owners with a .tk TLD can run their sites without paying a penny for the first 12 months after registering.

Country code top-level domain list

The following domain extensions list includes every country domain in existence. With this table, you can not only discover which country or area the domain extensions belong to, but also whether the respective ccTLD is available with DNSSEC. Websites can use DNSSEC internet standards in order to protect the domain name system from manipulation, which includes, for example, phishing websites, which can request sensitive data using fake webpages.

The column on the right indicates whether a web address registered under the respective ccTLD can also be allocated an internationalised domain name (IDN). As mentioned above, these internationalized domain names can use characters from the Latin alphabet, including those with accents, in addition to characters from other alphabets. These characters are located in the second-level domain (i.e. the name of the website before the country code top-level domain). One example of this is the Canadian weather website, métro.ca, which includes an accented letter.

Top-level domains that have an IDN can be accessed using both Latin characters as well as characters from their respective alphabet. However, this doesn’t mean that the corresponding top-level domain is also offered as an IDN ccTLD at the same time – as is the case with the aforementioned example of Sri Lanka. A good example of this is Germany’s .de domain extension; although there is no alternative for the .de country code, German website owners can use many special characters, including three vowels with umlauts (ä, ö, ü), the ‘ß’ character, as well as further characters that contain accents (à, á, â, ã etc.). Since the German language is based on the Latin alphabet and can be optimally expressed with a ccTLD (unlike Sri Lanka), it’s also not necessary.

ccTLD

Country (or region)

DNSSEC

IDN

.ac

Ascension Island

Yes

Yes

.ad

Andorra

Yes

No

.ae

United Arab Emirates

No

No

.af

Afghanistan

Yes

No

.ag

Antigua and Barbuda

Yes

No

.ai

Anguilla

No

No

.al

Albania

No

No

.am

Armenia

Yes

No

.an

Netherlands Antilles (now deleted – with the 2010 political dissolution of this region as an overseas territory, the ccTLD was closed down in 2015)

No

No

.ao

Angola

No

No

.aq

Antarctic

No

No

.ar

Argentina

Yes

Yes

.as

American Samoa

No

Yes

.at

Austria

Yes

No

.au

Australia

Yes

No

.aw

Aruba

Yes

No

.ax

Åland Islands (until March 2006 still accessable at .aland.fi)

No

No

.az

Azerbaijan

No

No

.ba

Bosnia and Herzegovina

No

No

.bb

Barbados

No

No

.bd

Bangladesh

No

Yes

.be

Belgium

Yes

Yes

.bf

Burkina Faso

No

No

.bg

Bulgaria

Yes

Yes

.bh

Bahrain

No

No

.bi

Burundi

No

No

.bj

Benin

No

No

.bl

Saint-Barthélemy

No

No

.bm

Bermuda

No

No

.bn

Brunei

No

No

.bo

Bolivia

No

No

.br

Brazil

Yes

Yes

.bq

Bonaire,  Saba,  Sint Eustatius

No

No

.bs

Bahamas

No

No

.bt

Bhutan

No

No

.bv

Bouvet Island (registration not yet possible)

No

No

.bw

Botswana

Yes

No

.by

Belarus

Yes

No

.bz

Belize

Yes

No

.ca

Canada

Yes

Yes

.cc

Cocos Islands

Yes

No

.cd

Democratic Republic of the Congo

No

No

.cf

Central African Republic

No

No

.cg

Republic of the Congo

Yes

No

.ch

Switzerland

Yes

Yes

.ci

Côte d’Ivoire

No

No

.ck

Cook Islands

Yes

No

.cl

Chile

Yes

Yes

.cm

Cameroon

Yes

No

.cn

China

Yes

Yes

.co

Colombia

Yes

No

.cr

Costa Rica

Yes

No

.cs

Czechoslovakia (now deleted)

No

No

.cu

Cuba

No

No

.cv

Cape Verde

No

No

.cw

Curaçao

Yes

No

.cx

Christmas Island

No

No

.cy

Cyprus

Yes

No

.cz

Czech Republic

Yes

No

.dd

German Democratic Republic (never activated)

No

No

.de

Germany

Yes

Yes

.dj

Djibuti

Yes

No

.dk

Denmark

Yes

Yes

.dm

Dominica

No

No

.do

Dominican Republic

No

No

.dz

Algeria

No

No

.ec

Ecuador

Yes

No

.ee

Estonia

No

Yes

.eg

Egypt

No

No

.eh

Western Sahara (due to the political   conflict between the countries of Western Sahara and Morocco, this is ccTLD is currently not live)

No

No

.er

Eritrea

Yes

No

.es

Spain

No

No

.et

Ethiopia

Yes

No

.eu

European Union

Yes

Yes

.fi

Finland

Yes

Yes

.fj

Fiji

No

No

.fk

Falkland Islands

No

No

.fm

Micronesia

Yes

No

.fo

Faroe

Yes

No

.fr

France

Yes

Yes

.ga

Gabon

No DS resource record available

No

.gb

United Kingdom (no longer in use since .uk became the established ccTLD)

Yes

No

.gd

Grenada

No

No

.ge

Georgia

No

No

.gf

French Guiana

No

No

.gg

Guernsey

No

No

.gh

Ghana

Yes

No

.gi

Gibraltar

Yes

No

.gl

Greenland

No

No

.gm

Gambia

Yes

No

.gn

Guinea

No DS resource record available

No

.gp

Guadeloupe

No

No

.gq

Equatorial Guinea

Yes

No

.gr

Greece

Yes

Yes

.gs

South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands

No

No

.gt

Guatemala

No

Yes

.gu

Guam

No

No

.gw

Guinea-Bissau

No

No

.gy

Guyana

No

No

.hk

Hong Kong

No

Yes

.hm

Heard Island and McDonald Islands

Yes

No

.hn

Honduras

Yes

No

.hr

Croatia

No

No

.ht

Haiti

Yes

Yes

.hu

Hungary

Yes

No

.id

Indonesia

Yes

Yes

.ie

Ireland

No

No

.il

Israel

No

Yes

.im

Isle of Man

Yes

No

.in

India

Yes

No

.io

British Indian Ocean Territory

Yes

No

.iq

Iraq

No

No

.ir

Iran

No

Yes

.is

Iceland

No

Yes

.it

Italy

No

Yes

.je

Jersey

No

No

.jm

Jamaica

No

No

.jo

Jordan

Yes

No

.jp

Japan

Yes

No

.ke

Kenya

Yes

No

.kg

Kyrgyzstan

Yes

No

.kh

Cambodia

Yes

No

.ki

Kiribati

No

No

.km

Comoros

No

No

.kn

St. Kitts and Nevis

No

No

.kp

North Korea

Yes

No

.kr

South Korea

Yes

Yes

.kw

Kuwait

Yes

No

.ky

Cayman Islands

No

No

.kz

Kazakhstan

Yes

No

.la

Laos

Yes

No

.lb

Lebanon

Yes

No

.lc

St. Lucia

Yes

No

.li

Liechtenstein

Yes

Yes

.lk

Sri Lanka

Yes

Yes

.lr

Liberia

No DS resource record available

No

.ls

Lesotho

Yes

No

.lt

Lithuania

Yes

Yes

.lu

Luxembourg

Yes

Yes

.lv

Latvia

Yes

Yes

.ly

Libya

Yes

No

.ma

Marocco

No

No

.mc

Monaco

No

No

.md

Moldova

Yes

No

.me

Montenegro

Yes

No

.mf

Saint Martin

No

No

.mg

Madagascar

No

No

.mh

Marshall Islands

No

No

.mk

Macedonia

Yes

No

.ml

Mali

Yes

No

.mm

Myanmar

Yes

No

.mn

Mongolia

Yes

No

.mo

Macau

No

No

.mp

Northern Mariana Islands

No

No

.mq

Martinique

No

No

.mr

Mauritania

No

No

.ms

Montserrat

No

No

.mt

Malta

No

No

.mu

Mauritius

No

No

.mv

Maldives

Yes

No

.mw

Malawi

Yes

No

.mx

Mexico

No

No

.my

Malaysia

Yes

Yes

.mz

Mozambique

Yes

No

.na

Namibia

Yes

No

.nc

New Caledonia

Yes

No

.ne

Niger

No

No

.nf

Norfolk Island

No

No

.ng

Nigeria

Yes

No

.ni

Nicaragua

Yes

No

.nl

Netherlands

Yes

No

.no

Norway

No

Yes

.np

Nepal

Yes

No

.nr

Nauru

Yes

No

.nu

Niue

Yes

Yes

.nz

New Zealand

Yes

Yes

.om

Oman

Yes

No

.pa

Panama

No

No

.pe

Peru

No

Yes

.pf

French Polynesia

No

No

.pg

Papua New Guinea

No

No

.ph

Philippines

Yes

No

.pk

Pakistan

Yes

No

.pl

Poland

Yes

Yes

.pm

Saint Pierre and Miquelon

Yes

Yes

.pn

Pitcairn Islands

No

No

.pr

Puerto Rico

Yes

No

.ps

Palestine

Yes

No

.pt

Portugal

Yes

Yes

.pw

Palau

No

No

.py

Paraguay

Yes

No

.qa

Qatar

Yes

No

.re

Réunion

Yes

Yes

.ro

Romania

Yes

Yes

.rs

Serbia

No

No

.ru

Russia

No

No

.rw

Rwanda

Yes

No

.sa

Saudi Arabia

Yes

Yes

.sb

Solomon Islands

No

No

.sc

Seychelles

Yes

No

.sd

Sudan

No

No

.se

Sweden

Yes

Yes

.sg

Singapore

Yes

No

.sh

St. Helena

Yes

Yes

.si

Slovenia

Yes

Yes

.sj

Svalbard and Jan Mayen (registration is not yet possible)

No

No

.sk

Slovakia

No

No

.sl

Sierra Leone

No

No

.sm

San Marino

No

No

.sn

Senegal

No

No

.so

Somalia

No

No

.sr

Suriname

No

No

.ss

South Sudan

Yes

No

.st

São Tomé and Príncipe

No

No

.su

Soviet Union (this TLD has been managed by Russia since the dissolution of the USSR)

Yes

Yes

.sv

El Salvador

No

No

.sx

Sint Maarten

Yes

No

.sy

Syria

No

No

.sz

Swaziland

No

No

.tc

Turks and Caicos Islands

Yes

No

.td

Chad

No

No

.tf

French Southern and Antarctic Lands

Yes

Yes

.tg

Togo

No

No

.th

Thailand

No

Yes

.tj

Tajikistan

No

No

.tk

Tokelau

Yes

No

.tl

Timor-Leste (formerly .tp)

Yes

No

.tm

Turkmenistan

Yes

Yes

.tn

Tunisia

No

Yes

.to

Tonga

No

Yes

.tp

Timor-Leste (now deleted – replaced by .tl in 2002)

Yes

No

.tr

Turkey,  Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus

Yes

Yes

.tt

Trinidad and Tobago

Yes

No

.tv

Tuvalu

Yes

No

.tw

Taiwan

Yes

Yes

.tz

Tanzania

No DS resource record available

No

.ua

Ukraine

Yes

No

.ug

Uganda

Yes

No

.uk

United Kingdom

Yes

No

.um

United States Minor Outlying Islands (now deleted)

No

No

.us

United States

No

No

.uy

Uruguay

Yes

No

.uz

Uzbekistan

No

No

.va

Vatican City

No

No

.vc

St. Vincent and the Grenadines

No DS resource record available

No

.ve

Venezuela

No

No

.vg

Britische Virgin Islands

Yes

No

.vi

United States Virgin Islands

Yes

No

.vn

Vietnam

Yes

Yes

.vu

Vanuatu

No

No

.wf

Wallis and Futuna (also .fr)

Yes

Yes

.ws

Samoa

No

Yes

.ye

Yemen

Yes

No

.yt

Mayotte (French region – also .fr)

Yes

Yes

.yu

Yugoslavia (now deleted – after the dissolution of the former Yugoslavia the TLD was used by Serbia and Montenegro until 2010)

No

No

.za

South Africa

No

No

.zm

Zambia

No

No

.zr

Zaire (now deleted – since the country was renamed in 1997, the ccTLD .cd has been used)

No

No

.zw

Zimbabwe

No

No