Use the 1&1 Chef Knife Plugin

Table of Contents


The 1&1 Chef Knife plugin requires a valid 1&1 API key. Add your 1&1 API key in a knife.rb configuration file (for example in ~/.chef/knife.rb).

knife[:oneandone_api_key] = '_YOUR_API_KEY_'


The following sub-commands are available with the plugin.

List all server appliances

knife oneandone appliance list

List all data centers

knife oneandone datacenter list

Create a new firewall policy

knife oneandone firewall create

Delete one or more firewall policies

knife oneandone firewall delete

List available firewall policies

knife oneandone firewall list

List allocated public IP addresses

knife oneandone ip list

Create a new load balancer

knife oneandone loadbalancer create

Delete one or more load balancers

knife oneandone loadbalancer delete

List available load balancers

knife oneandone loadbalancer list

List available monitoring policies

knife oneandone mp list

Create a new server

knife oneandone server create

Delete one or more servers

knife oneandone server delete

Add one or more hard disks to server

knife oneandone server hdd add

Remove server's hard disk

knife oneandone server hdd delete

List server's hard disks

knife oneandone server hdd list

Resize server's hard disk

knife oneandone server hdd resize

List available servers

knife oneandone server list

Modify server's hardware configuration: CPU/cores count, RAM amount and/or fixed server size.

knife oneandone server modify

Reboot one or more servers

knife oneandone server reboot

Update server's name and/or description

knife oneandone server rename

List available fixed-server-size configurations

knife oneandone server size list

Start one or more servers

knife oneandone server start

Stop one or more servers

knife oneandone server stop


Before deploying a server to your 1&1 Cloud environment, you may want set up a dedicated firewall policy or a load balancer for the server.

To create a firewall policy and allow the access from any IP address:

knife oneandone firewall create -n my-firewall -p TCP,UDP,ICMP --port-from 80,161 --port-to 80,162

A load balancer can be created as follows:

knife oneandone loadbalancer create -n my-LB -m ROUND_ROBIN \
  -p TCP,UDP --port-balancer 80,161 --port-server 8080,161

To restrict the access to a particular IP address or network, specify --source option for the load balancer and firewall policy.

Note: When multiple (firewall or load balancer) rules are specified, make sure that the protocols, ports and sources are separated by a comma and in the same order. In a firewall policy create command, specify GRE, ICMP and IPSEC protocols last, for instance --protocol TCP,TCP,UDP,TCP/UDP,GRE,ICMP,IPSEC.

Furthermore, use the list commands to find out IDs of the fixed-size configurations, server appliances, monitoring policies, existing IPs, data centers etc.

knife oneandone server size list
ID                                Name  RAM (GB)  Processor No.  Cores per Processor  Disk Size (GB)
65929629F35BBFBA63022008F773F3EB  M     1         1              1                    40
591A7FEF641A98B38D1C4F7C99910121  L     2         2              1                    80
E903FA4F907B5AAF17A7E987FFCDCC6B  XL    4         2              1                    120
57862AE452473D551B1673938DD3DFFE  XXL   8         4              1                    160
3D4C49EAEDD42FBC23DB58FE3DEF464F  S     0.5       1              1                    30
6A2383038420110058C77057D261A07C  3XL   16        8              1                    240
EED49B709368C3715382730A604E9F6A  4XL   32        12             1                    360
EE48ACD55FEFE57E2651862A348D1254  5XL   48        16             1                    500

The format option may be used with the list commands to output JSON or yaml (e.g. -F json, --format yaml).

To create a server, you can either specify a fixed-size ID or a flex configuration of the hardware.

knife oneandone server create -n Demo-Server \
  --appliance-id  FF696FFE6FB96FC54638DB47E9321E25 \
  --datacenter-id 5091F6D8CBFEF9C26ACE957C652D5D49 \
  --fixed-size-id 65929629F35BBFBA63022008F773F3EB
Deploying, wait for the operation to complete...
        ID: D67F6B24C9C0AED76B8573D267B0EDAB
        Name: Demo-Server
        First IP:
        First Password: Qc9knjVAK1
knife oneandone server create -n FS1 -I B5F778B85C041347BCDCFC3172AB3F3C -P 2 -C 1 -r 2 -H 40 -F yaml
Deploying, wait for the operation to complete...
id: 341EB3FF15E861309C4D1C3BC6A8B17B
cloudpanel_id: 23A0543
name: FS1
description: ''
  id: 908DC2072407C94C8054610AD5A53B8C
  country_code: US
  location: United States of America
creation_date: '2016-08-05T12:26:27+00:00'
first_password: Zf1jtd1WH9
rsa_key: 0
  state: POWERED_ON
  vcore: 2
  cores_per_processor: 1
  ram: 2
  - id: 430C1E70E1737690E5A71F9D63BE80B2
    size: 40
    is_main: true
  id: B5F778B85C041347BCDCFC3172AB3F3C
  name: centos7-64std
- id: DC9F635EA2B3144FC047532C6FD56B84
  type: IPV4
    id: A4D6302FA44955C797772E34880CBA42
    name: centos7-64cpanel
  load_balancers: []
alerts: []

To attach new hard disks to the server, specify a size for each new volume:

knife oneandone server hdd add 20 80 160 --server-id 341EB3FF15E861309C4D1C3BC6A8B17B

List the server disks in the following way:

knife oneandone server hdd list 341EB3FF15E861309C4D1C3BC6A8B17B
ID                                Size (GB)  Main
430C1E70E1737690E5A71F9D63BE80B2  40         true
26D593F10CF0FE666004A594A08B5C0A  20         false
602690CAA4BFE5724356148112918C79  80         false
BA5486B5C0F1861307F80DEB880A4041  160        false

Specify the ID of any server you intend to start, stop, reboot or delete. The next example shows a delete operation with auto-confirming all prompts for deletion.

knife oneandone server delete 341EB3FF15E861309C4D1C3BC6A8B17B D67F6B24C9C0AED76B8573D267B0EDAB -y


After checking out the repository, run bundle install to install dependencies.

Use the bundler to run the tests. Declare the ONEANDONE_API_KEY environment variable before running the tests.

$ bundle exec rspec

To install this gem onto your local machine, run bundle exec rake install.

Contribute to the Project

  1. Fork the repository (
  2. Create a new feature branch (git checkout -b my-new-feature).
  3. Commit the changes (git commit -am 'New feature description').
  4. Push to the branch (git push origin my-new-feature).
  5. Create a new pull request.

Bug reports and pull requests are welcome.


Tags: Chef